"Masu wahalar jigilar kaya" tasiri mafi girman lokacin jigilar kaya!

Jigilar kaya ta yi tsanani a lokacin lokacin Kirsimeti.

Gao Feng ya yi nuni da cewa watan Yuni zuwa Agusta shine lokacin kololuwar lokacin jigilar kayayyaki na Kirsimeti, amma a bana, la'akari da hadarin jinkirin jigilar kayayyaki, kwastomomin kasashen waje gaba daya suna ba da oda a gaba ta hanyar duba kayayyaki ta kan layi da sanya hannu. An aika da wasu umarni kuma ana isar da su tun da farko fiye da na shekarun baya, kuma ana adana wasu oda a cikin shagunan gida saboda wahalhalun da ake samu wajen yin ajiyar sararin samaniya ko manyan kayayyaki, wanda ke kawo matsin lamba ga ayyukan kamfanoni.

Wasu kamfanonin kasuwancin ketare sun bayyana cewa, sakamakon tashin farashin kayayyaki da kuma cunkoson kayan aikin kasa da kasa, miliyoyin bishiyoyin Kirsimeti ba sa iya fita a kan lokaci zuwa kasashen ketare.Kamfanonin da ke fitar da kimanin yuan miliyan 150 zuwa kasashen waje a duk shekara, sai sun kashe yuan miliyan 2 don hayar wani rumbun ajiya mai fadin murabba'in mita 10,000 don tattara bishiyoyin Kirsimeti.

Ya kamata a lura cewa a cikin shekarun da suka gabata, umarni na dukan shekara za a iya karɓa kawai a karshen watan Mayu, amma a wannan shekara an ci gaba zuwa Maris. Bisa ga nazarin ma'aikatan, dalilan da abokan ciniki ke ba da umarni a farkon wannan shekara. Ba wai kawai umarnin da ake jira da gani a bara ba ne saboda annobar, har ma da hauhawar farashin kaya da kuma tsawaita jigilar kayayyaki saboda karancin kayan aikin kasa da kasa.A matsayin kayayyaki masu mahimmanci na lokaci, abokan ciniki sun yi imanin cewa dole ne su ba da umarni a gaba kuma da zarar sun sami kayan, mafi kyawun inshora zai kasance.

Kamar yadda tashoshin jiragen ruwa a duk nahiyoyi ke fuskantar cikas na aiki, sama da manyan dillalai 362 aka kebe a wajen tashoshin jiragen ruwa tun daga ranar 24 ga watan Agusta, a cewar dandalin jigilar kaya Seaexplorer.Ya zuwa watan Mayu, lokutan jiran jiragen dakon kaya sun ninka fiye da ninki biyu tun daga shekarar 2019, a cewar zuwa bayanan aikin tashar jiragen ruwa na IHS Markit, tare da tabarbarewar mafi muni a Arewacin Amurka, inda jiragen ruwa suka kwashe matsakaicin sa'o'i 33 a ginshiƙi a cikin Mayu 2021, sama da matsakaicin sa'o'i takwas kawai a cikin Mayu 2019. Wani sabon hasashen daga National Retail Federation ya nuna adadin adadin kwantena da ke shiga Arewacin Amurka a cikin watan Agusta, bisa ga al'ada shine watan da ya fi yin jigilar kayayyaki, kuma cunkoson kwantena zai ci gaba da cinyewa har zuwa farashin jigilar kayayyaki.

Dangane da ton, bukatar jigilar kayayyaki ta duniya ta ragu da kusan kashi 3.4 a shekarar 2020 idan aka kwatanta da na shekarar 2019, yayin da kwantena suka fadi da kashi 0.7 bisa dari, jia Dashan, mataimakin darektan Cibiyar Binciken Sufuri ta Ruwa a karkashin Ma'aikatar Sufuri, ta ce a wani taron tattalin arziki na wata-wata mai taken tattalin arziki. "Halin da ake ciki na Harkokin Kasuwanci da Harkokin Kasuwanci" da aka gudanar a Cibiyar Tattalin Arziki ta Kasa a ranar 25 ga Agusta. Ana sa ran buƙatun teku na duniya zai karu da 4.4% a cikin 2021, yayin da ake sa ran buƙatar kwantena za ta yi girma da fiye da 5%. na jiragen ruwa na ruwa na duniya zai yi girma da kashi 4.1% a cikin 2020 idan aka kwatanta da 2019, kuma ana sa ran zai girma da kashi 3% a cikin 2021.

Ya yi nuni da cewa idan aka kwatanta da shekarar 2019, ana sa ran bukatar jigilar kayayyaki ta duniya za ta karu da kashi 1% a wannan shekara, karuwar kwantena da kashi 5%, da karfin iya aiki da kwantena da kashi 7.1% da 7.4% bi da bi.Girman jiragen ruwa gaba ɗaya ya fi girma girma, amma farashin kaya ya tashi sosai.A ra'ayinsa, hayan kwantena, farashin masu ruwa da tsaki da farashin mai duk sun taimaka wajen hauhawar farashin jigilar kayayyaki.

Bayanai sun nuna cewa farashin jigilar kwantena mai tsayin kafa 40 a kan hanyar Gabashin China zuwa Amurka ya zarce dala 20,000, wanda ya ninka sau biyar a shekara. 27, ya ci gaba da yin rikodin rikodi a maki 4, 385.62, sama da sau huɗu daga ƙarancin bara.

A ra'ayi, tushen dalilin rashin iya aiki shi ne rashin ingancin sufuri da ke haifar da rufe tashar jiragen ruwa da kuma karancin jiragen ruwa. A halin yanzu, matsakaicin lokacin soke tashar jiragen ruwa shine kwanaki 3-5 a tashar jiragen ruwa na Turai, kwanaki 10-12 a Yammacin Turai. tashoshin jiragen ruwa na Amurka, da kuma kimanin kwanaki 7 a tashoshin jiragen ruwa na gabashin Amurka.Kwanan nan, an toshe tashar jiragen ruwa na Yantian, tashar Ningbo da sauran tashoshin jiragen ruwa na Asiya.